Boundary Layer

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Boundary Layer

The layer of fluid in the immediate vicinity of a bounding surface; in fluid mechanics, the layer affected by viscosity of the fluid, referring ambiguously to the laminar boundary layer, turbulent boundary layer, planetary boundary layer, or surface boundary layer .
In aerodynamics the boundary-layer thickness is measured from the surface to an arbitrarily chosen point, e.g., where the velocity is 99 percent of the stream velocity. Thus, in aerodynamics, boundary layer by selection of the reference point, can include only the laminar boundary layer or the laminar boundary layer plus all, or a portion of, the turbulent boundary layer.


This article is based on NASA's Dictionary of Technical Terms for Aerospace Use